Sierra de Tramuntana
Sierra de Tramuntana, a world heritage site by UNESCO.
The Sierra de Tramuntana is the main mountainous area of Mallorca, its name is due to the wind that comes from that direction.
It is a mountainous area about 90kms in length. It is formed by calcareous materials that with the passage of time and the action of water have created a spectacular landscape. Its main peak is the Puig Major with 1,445m, although there are more than 10 mountains with more than 1,000m in height, such as Puig de Massanella or Puig Tomir.
Stands out in the Sierra de Tramuntana:
• Reservoirs; "Gorg de Cuber" and "Gorg Blau"
• Lluc Monastery
• Torrente de Pareis and Sa Calobra
• The towns of Deiá, Valldemosa and Soller.
In the Sierra de Tramuntana we find a great variety of landscapes, the forest spaces intermingle with the agricultural ones. The predominant vegetation is formed by forests of oaks, pine trees and areas with bushes. From the highest areas you can see the whole island of Mallorca, the flat area, its towns and cities as well as having spectacular views over the sea. From here you can also see the neighboring islands Menorca and Ibiza. In June 2011 the cultural landscape of the Sierra de Tramuntana was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco.
The Sierra de Tramuntana also highlights elements created by man:
• Stone walls that allowed to create cultivation areas despite the inclination of the land.
• Snow houses where formerly ice was stored to be used by fishermen and to brew beer.
• Fortifications to protect the island from invaders. They communicated with each other with signs of fire.
• Large water reservoirs.
There are many well-marked itineraries for hikers. On the web www.balearsnatura.com You can get information about itineraries. On Saturdays there are guided tours with prior registration to the phone 971517083 and for those who wish to spend the night in the Sierra de Tramuntana there are several shelters in different points. Mallorca travel guide